The Australian War Memorial has an on-line database of photos of the 45th Battalion at various battles, along with about ten portraits of various Battalion members. Set out below is the text which accompanies the 35 photos they hold. I have reproduced the photos in this site with the kind permission of the War Memorial. I hope they add a richness to your appreciation and understanding of these men and their achievements.
|Portrait of 4517 Cpl Reuben MORGAN, MM, 45th
Private Athol Garner, No: 2185 - Regiment: 45th Battalion Australian Imperial Forces, Killed in Action on 28th March, 1918 in France Aged: 22 Years Buried: Plot 11, Row C, Grave No 16, Heath Cemetery, Harbonnieres, France Born: 1896 at St Marys.(Brother of William & Harold)
2188 Pte Charles HICKS born South Shields, England, 23 August 1896, died 7 June 1917. Not married. Enlisted in The Australian Imperial Force, 6 March 1916. Private, 45th Battalion Australian Infantry, AIF. Killed in action. Memorial, Ypres (Menin Gate), West Vlaanderen, Belgium.
A souvenir flower vase made in France from a shell case and presented to the 13th and 45th Battalion, AIF, Comforts Fund as a token of appreciation for comforts sent to the 13th Battalion whilst in the firing line.
On 18 February 1916, at the age of 27 years and 8 months John enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force at Colac . He advised on his enlistment form that his occupation was "Laborer", that he did not have a trade and was not married. At that time he was described as 5 feet 8 inches tall, weighing 192 pounds with an expanded chest measurement of 44 inches. He was assigned Regimental Number 2225 and transferred to the 45th Battalion.
Lena Wood, France. 8 August 1918. A Boche 77mm gun 100 yards in front of B Company, 35th Battalion captured by 45th Battalion after the barrage stopped. This gun fired right up to time the Battalion reached its objective.
Hurdcott, Wiltshire, England. 18 December 1918. Sergeant E. Macoson, 14th Battalion (left), and Private P. Beaton, 45th Battalion sitting in the billiard and hut room at the sergeants' mess, 12th Training Battalion
ONE OF TWO PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN FROM THE WALLET OF 3014, PRIVATE N.G.H. BLAIN, 45TH BATTALION, AIF, AFTER HE WAS KILLED IN ACTION ON 1916-08-08. THE GROUP IN THE PHOTOGRAPH MAY HAVE BEEN FROM HIS UNIT BUT NO DETAILS ARE AVAILABLE.
THE SECOND OF TWO PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN FROM THE WALLET OF 3014, PRIVATE N.G.H. BLAIN, 45TH BATTALION, AIF, AFTER HE WAS KILLED IN ACTION ON 1916-08-08. THE PHOTOGRAPH SHOWS THREE AUSTRALIAN SOLDIERS WITH HORSES FEEDING IN WHAT COULD BE A MIDDLE EAST SETTING.
2431 Pte Walter William Bruce REID, 45th Battalion, First Australian Imperial Force, with his two sisters, shortly before his departure from Australia. Bruce Reid was killed on 13 October 1917 in Belgium.
PRIVATE JOE PURDUE, AN AUSTRALIAN WHO SAW SERVICE WITH THE 45TH BATTALION. ROYAL FUSILIERS IN NORTH RUSSIA IN 1919. PRIVATE PURDUE IS BEING PRESENTED WITH THE D.C.M. AWARDED TO HIM FOR SERVICE IN RUSSIA. NETLEY HOSPITAL, ENGLAND.
Hurdcott, Wiltshire, England. 18 December 1918. Instructors standing behind the bombers' design at the 12th Training Battalion. Left to right: Sergeant (Sgt) L. S. Sedgwick, 50th Battalion (Bn); Sgt T. Baldwin, 49th Bn; Lieutenant C. Thompson DCM MM, 14th Bn; Sgt P. F. Muir, 14th Bn; Corporal W. R. Blanks, 45th Bn; 4955 Sgt E. S. Lennell MM, 51st Bn.
Hurdcott, Wiltshire, England. 18 December 1918. Interior view of the Physical Training Instructor's Hut at the 12th Training Battalion. These Non-commissioned officers are picked men for this branch of instruction and have all passed through the PT & BF School Aldershot with good results. Lying in beds, left, front to back: unidentified; Corporal Conroy, 50th Battalion (Bn); Sergeant (Sgt) W. Anderson, 15th Bn. Right: Sgt W. Dann, 45th Bn; Sgt McKinley, 48th Bn; Sgt A. Wilkinson, 48th Bn. Garter Point, Belgium. 29 September 1917.
Members of the 45th Battalion in the advanced trenches at Garter Point, in the Ypres Sector. Identified, foreground, working back: 615 Corporal (Cpl) S. P. Murray; 5330 Private (Pte) A. Benfell (killed in action); 4477 Sergeant C. Smith DCM; 1699 Pte C. Archer (behind Benfell); Lieutenant V. Norton MC (behind, and to Archer's left); 2015 Pte J. C. Walsh (to Archer's right); 2692 Pte J. D. McLean (to Walsh's left); 4533 Pte I. Eyreington; 3696 Pte I. J. Barrow; 2216 Pte J. S. Nobbs; 3458 Pte A. E. Smith (to Nobb's right); 3030 Cpl H. Davis; 4668 Pte L. Davis. The two soldiers in the trenches to left are, left to right: 2240 Pte W. A. Thompson; 2684 Pte H. W. Marr.
France. 18 September 1918. Troops of D Company, 45th Battalion, at their newly captured objective between Bellenglise and Le Verguier, overlooking Ascension Gully, in front of the Hindenburg Outpost Line. They are seen sniping the retreating enemy, who at the time were scampering up the opposite hill slope, in an effort to escape the gun and rifle fire.
Identified, first from the right is Private J. O'Hehir.
1915. Studio portrait of 2035 Arthur Bithel Jenkins, 45th Battalion, who enlisted 3 December 1915. Jenkins later served with 47th Battalion in Egypt and on the Western Front, and then reverted to the 45th Battalion on 25 May 1918. Jenkins also served in World War 2, with the 7th Garrison Battalion.
Amiens, France. 1917-05-06. Studio portrait of 2035 Private Arthur Bithel Jenkins, 47th Battalion, who enlisted 3 December 1915. Jenkins first served with the 45th Battalion and then served with 47th Battalion in Egypt and on the Western Front. He reverted to the 45th Battalion on 25 May 1918. In World War 2 he served with the 7th Garrison Battalion. Note that Jenkins is unexplainably wearing what appears to be a 13th Brigade colour patch, possibly of the 50th or 51st Battalion.
1919-01-19. Group portrait of members of the 45th Battalion band holding their musical instruments. Identified in the group are 3039 Private John Chalmers, 2268 Private Robert Henry Lindsay, 2926 Private Arthur O'Connell Hill, 3817 Private Louis William Jouning, 1730A Private Henry Banden Daddow, 5210 Private James Heyward Wheeler, 5061 Private William Oswald Collins, 7137 Private Arthur James White, 1704 Private Arthur Symon Nicholls, 4918 Private Arthur Petch, 1675 Private Charles Varcoe, 3424 Private Clarence Jones, 2233 Private Robert Ronald, 3003 Private Frederick Charles Jones, Bugler 2734 Private George Winter (?), 3700 Private Alexander Dalgleish Burden, 1712 Private William George Young, 3114 Lance Corporal Alexander Thursday Bain, 4477 W. Crossan, 2009 Private Horace Finn Thurston, 1978A Private John Price and 4626 Private Percy Austin Steele. The officers in the centre are Lieutenant Colonel Loutit and Captain Reid. Twelve of the musicians were originally with the 47th Battalion.
A German Machine Gun captured by the 45th Battalion is now placed on the War memorial in the New South Wales town of Hill End.
c. 1919. Studio portrait of Lieutenant Joseph (Joe) Leddy, MM, ED, 45th Battalion. Sergeant Leddy, of Kempsey, NSW, was awarded the Military Medal for gallantry on the night of 6-7 August 1915 during the night advance of the 4th Brigade. As platoon sergeant of A Company, 13th Battalion, he displayed exceptional bravery and skill in handling his men while clearing a hill of snipers after the platoon commander was severely wounded. He enlisted on 17 September 1914, serving in Gallipoli and France before returning to Australia in September 1919.
Bresle, Somme, France. c. 25 April 1917. Group portrait of officers of the 45th Battalion, at Anzac Day sports, before taking part in the attack on Messines Ridge, June 1917.
Back row, left to right:
Third row (kneeling):
Second row (sitting);
Front row (lying):
Hurdcott, Wiltshire, England. 18 December 1918. Exterior view of the cookhouse at the 12th Training Battalion. Members of the staff, left to right: Private (Pte) R. Brooks, 45th Battalion (Bn); Pte T. J. Tribe, 14th Bn; Pte T. Crabtree, 14th Bn; Pter E. A. Clearer, 13th Bn; Pte L. A. Cornish, 48th Bn; Pte F. Costello, 13th Bn; Pte T. Thompson, 49th Bn; Pte W. H. Hill; Pte Dewhurst; Pte Honn; Pte M. J. Cantwell; Pte Ryan; Sergeant W. E. Bowen, 16th Bn; Pte Barber, 16th Bn; Pte Foote, 7th Bn.
Bresle, France. May 1917. A group of senior officers at the 12th Infantry Brigade Sports at Bresle. Identified, left to right: Lieutenant Colonel S. Herring DSO, Commanding Officer, 45th Battalion, (arms folded); Lieutenant D. F. Salmon, 47th Battalion; Major General W. Holmes CMG DSO VD, Commander, 4th Divisional (foreground); with Brigadier General J. C. Robertson CMG DSO, discussing the events with Captain E. L. Saber MC.
Garter Point, Belgium. 29 September 1917. Members of C Company, 45th Battalion, in the advanced trenches at Garter Point, in the Ypres Sector. Identified, right to left, working back up the trench: unidentified; Private (Pte) W. E. Black; Pte E. E. Street; Pte H. F. Thurston; Pte J. C. Clancy; Sergeant L. Lovett; Pte G. Sears; unidentified behind Sears; Pte H. Young (beside Sears); Pte G. Walker (behind Young); Pte Perkins (beside Walker); 3747 Pte William James Williamson (behind Walker with cigarette in mouth); Pte F. W. Smith (behind Williamson); unidentified beside Smith; unidentified, behind and to the other unidentified's right); Pte R. Thomas (behind Smith); 3403 Pte Horace Gordon Lane (behind Thomas); Pte J. Phillips (to Thomas's right); all other men unidentified.
Polygon Wood, Belgium. 27 September 1917. 2296 Private J. Hines of the 45th Battalion, with his trophies (souvenirs) obtained on the morning of the advance of the 4th and 13th Brigades at Polygon Wood, in the Ypres Sector, during the Third Battle of Ypres.
Garter Point, Belgium. 27 September 1917. Soldiers of the 45th Battalion wearing gas respirators at Garter Point, in the Ypres Sector. Identified, foreground working back: 2146 Corporal H. Davis; 3696 Private (Pte) Thomas J. Barrow; 5330 Pte Arthur Benfell. (Note by Sergeant A. Brooksbank, Gas NCO, 10th Australian Infantry Brigade: "Alert" and "Alternative Alert" positions of wearing respirator haversack of small bos respirator of modern practical utility).
Belgium. 28 September 1917. Medical details of the 45th Battalion sheltering in a trench at Anzac Ridge, in the Ypres Sector. Identified, left to right: 3237 Private (Pte) Isaac John H. Steele; Pte J. J. Robinson; Pte G. H. Walker; Captain Owen Dibbs, who was killed in action on 28 March 1918, at Dernancourt.
THE 45TH AUSTRALIAN BATTALION AT THE FINAL OBJECTIVE OF 1918-09-18, OVERLOOKING ASCENSION VALLEY, NEAR LE VERGUIER, IN FRANCE. THE FOURTH SOLDIER FROM THE RIGHT IS SNIPING A GERMAN, WHO CAN BE DISCERNED RUNNING UP THE HILL ON THE RIGHT OF THE BIG BURST OF SMOKE IN THE CENTRE OF THE PICTURE. Identified, third from the right is Lieutenant J. Love MM.
BATTLE OF THE HINDENBURG LINE, 1918-09-18. THE 45TH BATTALION DIGGING IN UNDER A SMOKE BARRAGE NEAR ASCENSION FARM ON THE SECOND OBJECTIVE IN THE ATTACK MADE BY THE 1ST AND 4TH AUSTRALIAN DIVISIONS AND BRITISH DIVISIONS UPON THE OLD BRITISH TRENCH-LINES NEAR HARGICOURT AND THE OUTPOST-LINE OF THE HINDENBURG SYSTEM. THE HINDENBURG OUTPOST-LINE (THE THIRD AND FINAL OBJECTIVE IN THIS BATTLE) WAS ABOUT A MILE DISTANT AT THIS POINT. THIS FIGHT WAS PART OF WHAT IS KNOWN BY THE BRITISH AS THE 'BATTLE OF EPEHY', BEING A PHASE OF THE BATTLES OF THE HINDENBURG LINE'.
Identified are: Private R. J. Martin (fourth from the left), and Lance Corporal W. R. Thomson (fifth from the left).
LE VERGUIER, FRANCE. 1918-09-18. MEMBERS OF THE 45TH AUSTRALIAN BATTALION HALTED AT THEIR FINAL OBJECTIVE IN THE ADVANCE BEYOND LE VERGUIER. A LEWIS GUNNER IS SEEN TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE OPPORTUNITY TO SNIPE THE RETREATING GERMANS, WHO AT THAT MOMENT WERE CLAMBERING UP THE OPPOSITE SLOPE OF THE HILL.
Identified: Private (Pte) T. Pitman (1); Lance Corporal (L Cpl) T. Vaughan (2); 2230 L Cpl F. Riley (3); 2175 Pte W. Fletcher (4); unidentified (5); Lieutenant (Lt) J. Love MM (6); unidentified (7); Pte H. Phipps (8); unidentified (9); unidentified (10); unidentified (11); Lt A. M. Mills (12).
Hurdcott, Wiltshire, England. 18 December 1918. Troops at the 12th Training Battalion, issuing coal for use in huts (winter issue). Each hut has a tub, numbered, which is brought to coal yard by the hut orderly and issue checked by tub numbers. Back row, left to right: unidentified; Sergeant (Sgt) H. Wilkinson, 48th Battalion (Bn); Sgt W. Dann, 45th Bn; two unidentified; Private (Pte) S. L. Nicholls, 48th Bn. Middle row (sitting): two unidentified; Pte M. Walker, 49th Bn (wearing hat). Front row (standing): Pte R. Harris, 13th Bn (with shovel); Pte C. Keatinge, 45th Bn; Pte C. Woods, 48th Bn; Pte J. W. Battam, 45th Bn; Pte J. McLeod, 49th Bn; unidentified.
Hurdcott, Wiltshire, England. 18 December 1918. Group portrait of Battalion Orderly Room Staff Administrative (A R and G Branches), Headquarters of the 12th Training Battalion.
Left to right: Lieutenant M. B. MacDowall MC MM, Assistant Adjutant, 48th Battalion (Bn); Captain (Capt) N. F. Breminer DSO, Adjutant, 47th Bn; Lieutenant Colonel A. P. Imlay DSO & Bar, Commanding Officer, 47th Bn; Lt W. R. Wishart, Quartermaster, 47th Bn; Lt F. P. Pring, Orderly Officer, 45th Bn; Capt Henry Francis Trafford Heath, Chaplain to the Forces (CF); Sergeant (Sgt) C. R. Musgrove, Training Sgt, 51st Bn; Private (Pte) H. Goatcher, Typist, 49th Bn; Lance Corporal (L Cpl) J. Lewin, Leave Clerk, 49th Bn; Pte W. Williams, Signaller, 45th Bn; Sgt A. Harman, Returns Clerk, 48th Bn; Sgt L. V. Hardy, Records, 51st Bn; L Cpl H. R. Willoughby, Dispatch; Sgt E. Coleman, Courts Martial, 46th Bn; Pte R. Harris, Education Service, 13th Bn; 3726 Pte Malcolm John Last, PRI Clerk, 46th Bn; 1984 Pte Herbert William Cowan-Lunn, Post Office Clerk; Sgt F. T. Watson, Orderly Sgt, 50th Bn; Warrant Officer Class 1 H. Lindsay MC, Regimental Sergeant Major (RSM), 47th Bn.
Hurdcott, Wiltshire, England. 18 December 1918. Outdoor group portrait of administrative and instruction staff of A Company, 4th Brigade, Headquarters, at the 12th Training Battalion.
Back row, left to right: 7524 Private (Pte) W. C. Lyall, 14th Battalion (Bn); 4829 Pte L. T. Fitzgerald, 45th Bn; 5389 Sergeant (Sgt) G. A. Easey, 15th Bn; 3474 Corporal F. E. Hart, 16th Bn; 57880 Pte C. McGuire, 15th Bn.
Front row: 4753 Sgt H. K. Baker, 15th Bn; Major H. A. F. Wilkinson MC, 16th Bn; 3308 Sgt R. Garlick, 15th Bn; 4798 Sgt J. L. H. Davies, 45th Bn.
Group portrait of the Officers of the 45th Battalion. Identified: Lieutenant (Lt) J. Vincent MC DCM (1); Captain (Capt) A. E. Morgan (2); Major D. V. Hannay (3); Lieutenant Colonel J. C. Ridley DSC (4); Capt R. S. Pickup MC (5); Capt J. R. Anderson MC, attached to Army Medical Corps (6); Lt C. R. Burnett (7); Lt V. Morton MC (8); Lt J. Love MM (9); Lt E. V. Steel (10); Lt P. A. Lisle MC (11); Lt L. R. Corbett (12); Lt W. E. Brown DCM MM (13); Lt A. C. B. Fitzhardinge (14); Lt R. Bowden MC (15); Lt R. B. Moore MC (16); Lt A. J. Pirie (17); Lt C. McI. Potts MC (18); Capt W. Hardley (19); Lt F. A. Paterson (20); Lt W. R. Watson (21); Lt W. A. McKay (22); Lt A. M. Mills (23); Lt R. B. Kerr (24); Lt H. P. Hopgood DCM (25); Lt R. J. Scott DCM (26).